MPs are the people’s representatives in parliament. With your election, you will be given the task of participating in legislation. 299 MPs move into the Bundestag as winners of the direct mandate (see direct mandate) in their constituency, the remaining MPs via state lists of the parties (see parties). All MPs have the same rights and duties and equivalent votes. According to Article 38 of the Basic Law, every member of the German Bundestag is a representative of the entire people. He is not bound by instructions from the voters or his party, but only committed to his conscience. (see free mandate)
Number of MPs
According to the law, the Bundestag consists of 598 members. However, this number can increase as a result of overhang mandates (see overhang mandate) and the compensation mandates introduced before the 2013 Bundestag election (see compensation mandate). Because of these regulations, 631 members of parliament moved into parliament after the federal election. It is expected that the 2017 election result will also lead to significantly more than 598 members of the new Bundestag.
An absolute majority is achieved in votes if at least half of all members of the Bundestag plus one other member of parliament support a project. The calculation is based on the statutory number of MPs (see number of MPs) and not the number of MPs present. Only once did a parliamentary election give a parliamentary group an absolute majority, namely the CDU / CSU in 1957. In order to achieve an absolute majority in parliament and thus a stable government majority, parties usually form coalitions (cf. coalition). The absolute majority in the Bundestag is often called a chancellor majority because it is necessary for the election of the Federal Chancellor, among other things.